How a woman's body changes during pregnancy?

Skin during pregnancy

by Richard Kozinski

The most common problem associated with skin are stretch marks. Almost 90% of pregnant women suffer from stretch marks. Stretch marks look like pinkish or reddish streaks running down your abdomen. They can appear on breasts, too. To prevent from stretch marks you should apply lotions which contain vitamin E and alpha hydroxy acids. Additionally, you ought to do exercises.

The next skin problem when you expect to have a baby is the “ mask of pregnancy”. It is known as melasma and chlosma. Melasma causes dark splotchy spots to appear on your face. These spots appear on your forehead and cheeks and are a result of increased pigmentation. When you become pregnant your body produces more hormones, that causes an increase in your pigmentation. Nearly 50% of pregnant women have signs of the “mask of pregnancy”. To prevent it you should wear a good sunscreen that is at least SPF 15. 

During pregnancy your skin becomes too oily and your face is shiny. You can use an oil free cleanser to wash your body. It is caused by the increase in blood circulation. Moreover, your body is producing a large amount of hormones and your oil glands work harder leaving your face shiny.
It can occur that you will have problems with acne. Cleanse your face every morning and night. Then use an astringent to remove any remaining oil. If the problem becomes serious, you should see the doctor.

Some pregnant women may notice varicose veins, especially on their legs. They appear since then body is compensating for the extra blood flow that is going to your baby. Varicose veins can be painful. If you have a family history of varicose veins, you might have tendency to get them during your pregnancy. To prevent or decrease symptoms, you should avoid standing for long periods of time, walk as much as possible to help the blood return to your heart, avoid sitting for long periods of time, get enough vitamin C, sit with your legs higher than your head for at least half an hour a day and avoid excessive weight gain.

The next skin problem you can experience during pregnancy are spider veins, also known as spider nevi, are reddish tiny blood vessels that branch outward. These spider veins are also caused by the increase in blood circulation. They will usually appear on the face, neck, upper chest and arms. Spider veins usually disappear shortly after delivery. You should increase your vitamin C intake. Fortunately, these will most likely fade shortly after delivery.
The skin on your belly becomes dry and itchy. When your belly grows, skin stretches. That is why you feel itching and dryness. You ought to use anti-itch cream. You can also take a oatmeal bath.

A characteristic feature of a pregnant belly is linea nigra. It is a dark line which runs from your navel to your pubic bone. This line has a light colour. During pregnancy this line darkens because of the imbalance in hormones. You will probably notice it around the fourth or fifth month of pregnancy. After your pregnancy this line will fade.

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